Instead both always keep on stating that the western countries development is the only example which the developing countries need to follow whether willingly or forcible, while on the other hand they do not look for any alternative ways for the development of Third World countries Preston, Therefore there is a strong bond between the developing and developed nations.
This depicts that the Third World countries are being forced to follow and accept the western norms and standards and nay kind of disobedience by the developing nations can lead to cancellation of economic sanctions or worse still it can also result in military intervention by the developed nations Schelkle, This is the key difference between modernization theory and dependency theory.
To state it more accurately Modernization Theory specifies that and is very much fixed about the fact that the Western nations are well- developed. Anthropologists typically make their criticism one step further and say that the view is ethnocentric and is specific to Western culture.
Modernization theory emerged in the s.
According to Seymour Martin Lipset, economic conditions are heavily determined by the cultural, social values present in that given society. In this context only we refer to the Modernisation Theory and the Dependency Theory which do have some similarities although the contrasts are more between them.
Modernization Theory believes that social equality is the result of material growth while Dependency Theory believes that eth dependent country enhances social inequality which can lead to political authoritarianism Modernization theory and Dependency theory, Nevertheless, both theories underline the dominant position of Western countries in the modern world and leave little room for the alternative ways of the development but the western one, which is viewed as the only way of the development of the future world in the context of the global economy.
Through this article let us examine the difference between the two theories. Some see it as proof that a thoroughly modern way of life can exist in a non western society. However, it is worthy of mention the example of China which economy is progressing rapidly but its way of development differs considerably from the dominant western way, but this country does not meet to the basic assumptions of either of the theories.
With cell phone technology, widely dispersed populations are connected, which facilitates business-to-business communication and provides internet access to remoter areas, with a consequential rise in literacy. In stark contrast to Modernization theory, Dependency theory underlines that relationships between developing and developed countries are based not on the growing cooperation between them but rather on the dependence of developing countries on developed ones.
To elaborate the fact according to the Dependency Theory it is evident that the Western countries are much more developed and superior than the Third World nations. At the same time, both Modernization and Dependency theories underline that the relationships between developed and developing countries is unequal and there exist a kind of dependence of developing countries on developed ones, though the views on this dependence vary considerably.
Thus the Dependency Theory completely denies and opposes any development in western manner as a cure for any kinds of problems existing in developing countries.
Therefore it becomes imperative to mention that both the theories are very ethnocentric in some or the other way because both of them ignore any other practical way of development of the Third World nations.
On the other hand, modernization theory describes the transformative processes of societies from underdevelopment to modern societies.
They say political regimes do not transition to democracy as per capita incomes rise. Modernization theory stresses not only the process of change but also the responses to that change. Modernization theory focuses on the social elements which facilitate social progress and development of societies, and further aims to explain the process of social evolution.
Overview[ edit ] Modernization theory both attempts to identify the social variables that contribute to social progress and development of societies and seeks to explain the process of social evolution. Basically the need of the hour is that the Third World nations should blindly follow the developed western nations as examples in order to achieve prosperity economically, socially and culturally too.
Dependency theory highlights that due to colonial and post-colonial endeavors the countries at the periphery are constantly exploited by those at the core. Latin America, argue that economic performance affects the development of democracy in at least three ways. It also implies that human agency controls the speed and severity of modernization.
Dependency theory highlights that due to colonial and post-colonial endeavors the countries at the periphery or else the developing countries are constantly exploited by those at the core developed countries or else wealthy countries. As a result, there exist a strong link between developed and developing countries.
This is because internal situations in societies greatly affect the processes of modernization. Telephony, television broadcasts, news services and online service providers have played a crucial part in globalization. Since modernization entails the social transformation from agrarian societies to industrial ones, it is important to look at the technological viewpoint; however, new technologies do not change societies by itself.Modernization is a theory that looks at the domestic factors of a country with the assumption that, with help underdeveloped countries can be brought to development in using the same methods that.
Compare and contrast modernisation theory and dependency theory. What, if anything do they have in common? Dependency theory and modernisation theory are two of the dominant post-colonial theoretical interpretations of development.
Modernization theory has received its fair share of criticism for being Eurocentric. But it isn’t the only theory of its kind around. There is also dependency theory and globalization theory.
There are many similarities and many differences between. Comparison Of Dependency Theory With. Modernization Theory Politics Essay Published: 23, March Modernization is a theory that looks at the domestic factors of a country with the assumption that. A Comparison of Modernization Theory, Dependency Theory and Globalization Theory PAGES 5.
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Topics: Sociology, Globalization, In this respect, it is possible to refer to Modernization theory and Dependency theory which, It is worthy of mention that the comparison of these theories will help better understand the current trends in international relations and the future perspectives of the world.Download